There are 1,900 septic systems within the Olympia city limits and an additional 2,250 located within the City’s urban growth area. Septic systems have limited life spans and frequently fail, impacting the environment and the community's water quality.
The City offers a variety of incentives to encourage and assist property owners who may be interested in converting from an exisiting septic system to public sewer.
See the Frequently Asked Questions below for more information.
Frequently Asked Questions
What costs are involved in converting from septic to sewer?
Are there loans or grants available?
There can be four major costs in converting from a septic system to sewer service: the public sewer infrastructure, side sewer construction, septic system abandonment and connection fees. The estimates shown are approximate costs for connection in 2018, and should be adjusted accordingly for later years.
Public Sewer Infrastructure - if not existing: $4,000-$25,000+
Side Sewer Construction: $3,500-$10,500
This cost depends on whether a public sewer is adjacent to your property and suitable for your use. A public sewer is usually eight inches or more in diameter and may be located in a street or a sewer easement through private property. If public sewer is available, you may owe a reimbursement (called a latecomer’s charge) to the installer of public sewer facilities such as pump stations and pipes serving your property. You also might be required to extend the public sewer pipe, at your expense, across all frontages of your property if it is not installed there already.
If no public sewer is available, you would be responsible for extending the public sewer from the end of the City’s existing system to and along the frontage of your property prior to making a connection. The cost to extend a sewer pipe varies, depending on the length of the project, difficulty of the terrain, soil type, need to acquire easements, the amount of engineering work required, pipe and backfill materials specified, methods of construction employed, and surface restoration requirements. In rare cases, you may also owe a latecomer’s charge as described above. Construction of a public sewer requires permitting and inspection by the City’s Community Planning and Development Department at 360.753.8314. To receive a permit, you would be required to submit design plans, conforming with the City’s Engineering Design and Development Standards, for review and approval.
The cost of a sewer extension project can sometimes be shared with your neighbors who also would benefit from the availability of a sewer adjacent to their properties. Longer, shared sewer projects allow for an economy of scale in design and construction that reduces the cost per property, as compared to each property owner sequentially installing a separate, smaller sewer extension project. The City will be constructing a limited number of neighborhood sewers in priority areas. See the Neighborhood Sewer Extension flyer for more information.
Septic Tank Abandonment: $1,200
A side sewer is a four– to six-inch diameter pipeline that runs from your house to the public sewer. The property owner is responsible for construction of the side sewer. A design that allows wastewater to flow via gravity from your house to the sewer is preferred. However, the City may allow the installation of an individual privately owned residential grinder pump if elevations don’t permit a gravity flow system. A portion of this sewer (known as a sewer lateral) may have been stubbed out from the public sewer to your property when the sewer main was constructed. Property owners may do work on their own property, but construction within the public right-of-way or City easements requires hiring a licensed contractor registered with the City.
The existing pipeline from the house to the septic tank may be used as part of the new side sewer only if it is a minimum of four inches in diameter. A side sewer is then constructed the rest of the way (sometimes wrapping around the house) to the public sewer. Alternatively, plumbing beneath the house sometimes can be redirected toward the public sewer so as to avoid having to construct a pipeline around the house. The cost is highly variable depending on the side sewer length, terrain, surface conditions, as well as the need for a pump. These costs are paid directly by the property owners to the contractor they hire at the time the work is done.
Connection Fees: $2,000 - $11,500
The Thurston County Environmental Health Program (TCEH) requires that septic tanks be properly abandoned when no longer needed. The existing side sewer as well as the installation of the new side sewer must be completed, inspected and accepted before the existing septic tank is removed from service and abandoned. The abandonment process involves obtaining a permit from TCEH; having the tank pumped out one last time; removing and disposing of the lid or crushing the lid and using it to fill the tank; and filling the empty septic tank with compacted earth, gravel or sand. Specific requirements for septic tank abandonment can be obtained from TCEH at www.co.thurston.wa.us/health/ehoss/.
The City collects a number of fees for permits, inspections and providing collection system and treatment plant capacity. These fees are due prior to connection to a public sewer.
- LOTT Capacity Development Charge1: $1,453 - $5,811
- City Wastewater GFC2: $0 or $3,442
- Permits for Sewer Connection: $283-$2,000+
- Septic Abandonment Permit: $250
1 The property may be eligible for a 50% to 75% rebate on the LOTT Capacity Development Charge. Contact City staff for more information.
2The City Wastewater GFC is waived per OMC 13.08.205(C) for properties with an existing septic system that connect to the sewer system within two years following notice of sewer availability or connect within two years of purchasing the property, and for properties that qualify for a LOTT CDC rebate.
Will I be required to connect to the public sewer system?
There are various loan and grant programs available with differing requirements. Learn more about each below.
Why connect to public sewer?
Connection is generally voluntary. However, if your septic system fails or if you plan to expand your home beyond the septic system capacity, the City will require you to connect to the sewer if your property is within 200 feet of an available sewer. The City does not plan to make the conversion of properly functioning septic systems to the public sewer system mandatory. That may change if recovery plans developed by the State of Washington identify the conversion of septic systems as a required action to clean up impaired water bodies within the City of Olympia.
How much are monthly sewer rates?
- It may be required. If your septic system fails or if you plan to expand your home beyond the septic system capacity, the City will require you to connect to the sewer if your property is within 200 feet of an available sewer.
- Environmental considerations. Even well-maintained septic systems put more stress on the environment, especially in urban areas. Failing septic systems pose a risk to surface water, groundwater and public health.
- Expansion options. A septic system may limit the ability to expand your house or build over portions of your property.
Is there an existing sewer available for me to connect to?
Once connected to the public sewer system, a property owner is required to pay a monthly sewer utility bill. This bill covers the operation and maintenance costs for collection, treatment, and disposal of wastewater, and renovation of the sewers and wastewater treatment facilities. The 2018 sewer rate is $51.93 - $60.11 per month. Sewer rates are set by City Council and the LOTT Cleanwater Alliance annually. State law requires customers to be notified in advance of future increases and allowed an opportunity to be heard and protest.
How do I connect to public sewer when one is available?
More than 600 properties currently served by septic systems are adjacent to and eligible to connect to a public sewer. You can reference this Sewer Lookup Map to see if sewer service may be available in your neighborhood.
To determine the actual availability, restrictions, and requirements for connection to the sewer contact Wastewater Utility staff at 360.753.8562 or firstname.lastname@example.org
What incentives does the City and LOTT offer for converting from septic to sewer?
When an existing public sewer is available, or a new sewer extension has been constructed, follow the steps in the appropriate guide below to connect to the public sewer.
If you are not sure which type of service applies to you, please contact Wastewater Utility Staff at 360.753.8562 or email@example.com
What is the Neighborhood Sewer Extension Program?
- Waiver of the City Wastewater General Facilities Charge (GFC): This incentive is intended to motivate the owners of properties where the sewer is currently available as well as properties benefiting from sewer extension projects. The City’s GFC ($3,442 in 2018) will be waived for properties that abandon a septic system and connect to public sewer within a 2-year time period following formal notification of sewer availability. The City will notify property owners by mail when the sewer becomes available. If you know that the sewer is currently available to your property, there is no need to wait for notice from the City to benefit from the GFC waiver. The GFC will also be waived if you have owned your property less than two years. However, new property owners will NOT be notified of the waiver by the City. Finally, if the property qualifies for a LOTT capacity development charge rebate (see below), it will also be granted a GFC waiver.
- Rebate for the LOTT Capacity Development Charge (CDC): This incentive is offered as part of the Septic Conversion Incentive Pilot Program from the LOTT Cleanwater Alliance. The usual rebate amount is 50% ($2,905 in 2018) with an additional 25% ($1,453) available to property owners who meet the criteria for hardship status. This is a temporary pilot program for 2017 and 2018. Funding is limited and is available on a first-come, first-served basis. Contact Wastewater Staff at 360.753.8562 to obtain application materials.
How long does it take to design and construct a sewer extension?
The City has funding available to construct a limited number of neighborhood sewer extension projects. Property owners who choose to connect with a new sewer project will be required to reimburse the City a portion of the cost of constructing the sewer infrastructure.
See the Neighborhood Sewer Extension flyer for more information.
Can I access the public sewer through my neighbor's property?
Most public sewer mains can be designed and completed within a year. If significant street repaving is involved, that work may be delayed until the weather is warm enough to allow the paving materials to be installed properly.
In urgent situations (e.g. septic failure), a public sewer can be designed and constructed in less than three months.
How can I prolong the life of my septic system and prevent failure?
A property’s side sewer should connect to the sewer main in the street on which the property fronts. To facilitate the orderly extension of sewer mains, a side sewer may not extend across an adjacent property to connect to a sewer main. There are some extraordinary circumstances, particularly where sewer mains are located within easements and not the right-of-way, in which side sewers may be permitted to be installed within easements across adjacent properties.
Maintenance is key to preventing the failure of your septic system. If your system has been properly designed, sited, and installed, the rest is up to you. Pump regularly, avoid excess water use, and watch what you put down the drain and flush down the toilet. For more operations and maintenance tips, visit the Thurston County Environmental Health Program's website at www.co.thurston.wa.us/health/ehoss/.
Signs of a failing septic system may include slow draining toilets and drains, an odor of sewage, and wet areas on or near the drain field.
Contact Wastewater Utility Staff at 360.753.8562 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Note: The Thurston County Environmental Health Program (TCEH) is the agency responsible for permitting septic systems throughout Thurston County including within Olympia’s city limits. For information about maintenance, expansion, enhancement, replacement or abandonment of septic systems call 360.867.2673 or visit www.co.thurston.wa.us/health/ehoss/.